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Life-time learner's blog
There are a lot of stuff on the internet concerning this extremely boring topic and I could have easily copied it… But I was so lazy to google, so I just wrote down some of my thoughts. If you are still interested in reading this bullshit, here it is. But don’t say that I didn’t give you a warning. Read more of this post
Task: Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information in the table below.
Possible model of answer.
The table shows the average amount of leisure time among different age groups per year in Someland. Seven age groups are covered from teens to 70+ and 6 different activities are mentioned, specifically: watching TV, socializing with 4 or fewer people, socializing with more than 4 people, individual exercise, group exercise, cinema.
The highest amount of spare time people of all ages spend watching TV and videos, with the maximum being equal to 1,200 hours in teens. The vast majority of elderly people aged 70 watch TV 1,100 hours per year. The least popular activity is cinema. People spend their leisure time in cinema about 50 hours per year, with the highest number being 100 in teens. The table shows that teens and people in their 20s tend to socialize with 4 or more people, while other age groups usually socialize with less number of people. The same pattern can be observed for individual and group exercises. The latter is more popular among the youth: teens spend 450 hours per year being involved in group sports, which is 3 times as many as the number of hours of individual exercises.
On the whole, the table shows that a quarter of their leisure time watching TV and videos and only about 1/6 of time corresponds to physical activity. The youth spend more time socializing with many people and doing some group sport activities. But the numbers are gradually decreasing with the age.
Again, we have another presentation here. The topic for today is Education. Let’s see what presentation I created.
Education: Academic Grading
[Greeting] Good morning, everyone. My name is Anton Danshin. I’m a student of Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology.
In my today’s presentation I’m going to tell you about the academic Grading in different countries.
[Why?] The topic is very interesting and the information I’ll give you might be useful for those students who want to continue their education abroad.
[What?] There is an infinite variety of academic grading systems in different counties and there is no way to cover all these systems. And I will cover only common ones.
First of all, I’ll tell you what an academic grading is. Secondly, I’d like to tell a few words about the system that is used in Europe. Thirdly, I’ll familiarize you with the american grading system. Then I’ll tell a little bit about Russian system and systems used in the countries of CIS. And finally, I’ll highlight the main points of my presentation and make a conclusion.
[How?] The presentation won’t take long – just about 10 minutes. You may ask your questions at the end.
Lets get started!
What is an academic grading? The answer is quite obvious. The academic grading is the way of measurement of student’s knowledge and skills in a certain subject which he or she acquired during study at educational institution.
A perfect academic grading system should provide an objective assessment of the quality of student’s knowledge, rather than the quantity. Let’s see what functions a perfect grading system should fulfil.
Now that we know what academic grading is all about and what it stands for, we can move on to the next point of my presentation.
European Grading System: ECTS
In Europe the most common grading is so called ECTS – European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System. It is a standard for comparing the study attainment and performance of students of higher education across the European Union and other collaborating European countries.
For successfully completed studies, ECTS credits are awarded. One academic year corresponds to 60 ECTS-credits that are equivalent to 1500–1800 hours of study in all countries irrespective of standard or qualification type. To get bachelors degree it is necessary to have at least 180 – 240 ECTS-credits, and 300 credits for masters. ECTS also includes a standard ECTS grading scale, intended to be shown in addition to local (i.e. national) standard grades. The ECTS grading scale is shown on the slide.
That’s all I wanted to say about European grading system. Now let’s pass over to the American academic grading system.
American academic grading
In the Unated States of America they also have letter grades scale but it is very different from European one. They use 4-points scale. In addition, there is not any rating system, the Grade Point Average (GPA) is calculated instead.
Most graduate schools require a 3.0 (B) average to take a degree, with C or C- being the lowest grade for course credit. Most undergraduate schools require a 2.0, or C average to obtain a degree with a minimum of D or D− to pass a course. But this all depends on laws of a certain state.
That’s all about the USA. Let’s move on to the next point and see what we have in Russia and some neighbouring countries. As we can see from the table, some countries from Eastern Europe tend to have 10-point scale. Our country still has 5 point scale, but is it enough to represent the knowledge of students? Or there is no difference? These (actually difficult) questions bring me to the end of my presentation.
Let’s go over the main points I covered.
It’s quite difficult to decide which one is the best. But I think that the main problem is not in the grading scale at all! The main problem is in student’s ability and desire to study.
As the proverb says: ‘You can bring a horse to the water. But you can’t make it drink’. In other words, you can design any kind of grading scale but the final choice to study or not is up to students.
Thank you very much for your attention. Now you can ask your questions.
You can easily download my presentation from Google Docs:
Let me know if you find a mistake. Good luck with your English!
Hello. This is my new English homework 🙂
1. Вам не нужно делать презентацию этого изобретения сегодня. Вы сможете сделать ее через неделю.
You don’t have to make a presentation of this invention. You will be able to make it next week (in a week).
2. Они, должно быть, знают много о нашем инновационном проекте, но я не уверен.
They might know a lot about our innovative project but I’m not sure.
3. Я не думаю, что вам следует расспрашивать незнакомого художника о его планах на будущее. Вы бы лучше пришли на его выставку.
I don’t think you should ask unfamiliar artist about his future plans. You had better visit his exhibition.
4. Возможно, они сейчас как раз обсуждают вопрос о начале производства инженерного оборудования. Они должны были подписать все документы вчера.
They might be discussing a question about start of production of engineering equipment. They must have signed all of the documents yesterday.
5. Не может быть, что ему сорок лет. Он выглядит гораздо моложе. Должно быть, он следит за своим здоровьем.
No way he is 40. (He can’t be 40 years old) He looks much younger. He must be taking care of his health.
6. Современный покупатель выбирает долговечные удобные для пользователя приборы, выпускаемые в различных вариациях цвета и формы.
Modern consumer chooses durable and usable appliances produced in different varieties of colour and shape.
7. Необходимо, чтобы достижения современной науки имели положительное влияние на жизнь людей. Кроме того, новые технологии должны быть экологически чистыми.
Advances of modern science must have a positive impact on people’s lives. More than that, new technologies must be environmentally friendly (eco-friendly).
8. Основной причиной успеха этой продукции является то, что она оправдывает свою стоимость и ее производство хорошо отлажено.
The main reason for success of the product is that it is a value for money and its production is streamlined (well established).
P.S. I’ll probably add some explanation grammar soon.
Last modified: 23 Feb 2012